铝板生产厂家

5052铝板的疲劳强度和什么有关?

来源:  发布时间:2020-04-28 11:03:43  

  金属材料5052铝板的疲劳断裂性能对其产品的安全使用寿命有着非常重要的影响。随着线弹性和弹塑性断裂力学的发展和失效安全设计原则在铝板生产厂家实际生产中的应用,结构材料特别是高强度合金的疲劳和断裂韧性的重要性越来越明显。
  The fatigue and fracture properties of 5052 aluminum plate have a very important influence on the safe service life of its products. With the development of linear elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics and the application of failure safety design principles in the actual production of aluminum plate manufacturers, the importance of fatigue and fracture toughness of structural materials, especially high-strength alloys, is becoming more and more obvious.

铝板生产厂家
  目前,疲劳强度和断裂韧性以及常规强度和耐腐蚀性已经被列为铝合金的四大主要评价指标,只有在这些方面才能满足设计和使用的要求,才能称得上具有良好的综合性能。
  At present, fatigue strength and fracture toughness as well as conventional strength and corrosion resistance have been listed as the four main evaluation indexes of aluminum alloy. Only in these aspects can meet the requirements of design and use, and can it be called good comprehensive performance.
  铝板的微观组织由基体和各种第二相组成。根据现有的实验结果,疲劳和断裂韧度与以下几个方面密切相关:
  The microstructure of aluminum plate is composed of matrix and various second phases. According to the existing experimental results, fatigue and fracture toughness are closely related to the following aspects:
  (1)组织中相对较大的不溶性硬相颗粒,主要为含铁、硅等元素的杂质相,热处理中也有部分不溶性硬相颗粒。它是由合金的成分和纯度以及钢锭的凝固速度决定的。粗硬相颗粒的数量和分布主要取决于钢锭的成分、纯度和凝固速度。
  (1) The relatively large insoluble hard phase particles in the structure are mainly the impurity phase containing iron, silicon and other elements. Some insoluble hard phase particles are also found in the heat treatment. It is determined by the composition and purity of the alloy and the solidification speed of the ingot. The quantity and distribution of coarse and hard phase particles mainly depend on the composition, purity and solidification speed of ingot.
  (2)中等大小的硬相颗粒,尺寸为0.01 ~ 0.5 m,通常为富含Mn、Cr、Zr等元素的金属间化合物。铝锭结晶后,这些成分大多以超饱和固溶体的形式溶解在基体中,在均质化和热处理过程中析出。因此,它们的尺寸比第一类粒子小。其形貌分布特征主要由均匀退火和压力加工系统决定。
  (2) Medium sized hard phase particles, 0.01-0.5m in size, are usually intermetallic compounds rich in Mn, Cr, Zr and other elements. After aluminum ingot crystallization, most of these components are dissolved in the matrix in the form of supersaturated solid solution and precipitated during homogenization and heat treatment. As a result, they are smaller in size than the first type of particles. The morphology distribution is mainly determined by the uniform annealing and pressure processing system.
  (3)时效析出相小,尺寸为0-0.5 PM。如高强度铝合金相S和高强度铝合金相n。析出相组织由合金成分和热处理(包括变形处理)控制。
  (3) The size of precipitated phase is 0-0.5pm. Such as high-strength aluminum alloy phase s and high-strength aluminum alloy phase n. The precipitated phase structure is controlled by alloy composition and heat treatment (including deformation treatment).
  (4)基体的晶粒结构,包括晶粒尺寸、形貌、晶界性质和粒间位错结构。
  (4) The grain structure of the matrix includes grain size, morphology, grain boundary properties and inter grain dislocation structure.
  (5)合金中钠、氢的含量对合金的断裂有很大的影响,增加了氢脆和钠脆的现象,使合金脆性增大。此外,夹杂物和氧化膜对5052铝合金的断裂影响较大,因此为了获得良好的疲劳强度和断裂韧性,必须保证合金具有良好的冶金质量。
  (5) The content of sodium and hydrogen in the alloy has a great influence on the fracture of the alloy, which increases the phenomenon of hydrogen embrittlement and sodium embrittlement and makes the alloy brittle. In addition, inclusions and oxide film have great influence on the fracture of 5052 aluminum alloy. Therefore, in order to obtain good fatigue strength and fracture toughness, it is necessary to ensure that the alloy has good metallurgical quality.
  以上是铝板生产厂家为大家先容的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:
  The above is the relevant content introduced by the aluminum plate manufacturer for you. To learn more, please visit the website: http://www.jndclyxgs.com

在线咨询
XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图