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铝平板和铝卷板有什么性能和用处

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  铝平板、铝卷板的性能与用处
  Performance and Application of Aluminum Plate and Aluminum Coil铝板,是指用铝材或铝合金资料制成的板型资料。或者说是由扁铝胚经加热、轧延及拉直或固溶时效热等过程制造而成的板型铝制品。
  Aluminum sheet refers to the shape information made of aluminium or aluminium alloy materials. In other words, flat aluminium products are produced by heating, rolling, straightening or solution aging heat of flat aluminium embryos.
  建筑上运用的铝板包括单层铝板、复合铝板等多种资料,普通常常指单层铝板(也有叫单铝板或纯铝板),多用于建筑装饰工程中,近年来在铝板幕墙中单层铝板运用的较为多见。铝板幕墙也是幕墙的一种方式,简单地说是用铝板替代玻璃制成幕墙,铝板幕墙多用于作墙体蔽护和不采光的墙壁。
  Aluminum sheets used in buildings include single-layer aluminium sheets, composite aluminium sheets and other materials. Usually, single-layer aluminium sheets (also known as single-layer aluminium sheets or pure aluminium sheets) are often used in architectural decoration projects. In recent years, single-layer aluminium sheets are commonly used in aluminium curtain walls. Aluminum curtain wall is also a way of curtain wall. Simply speaking, it is made of aluminium plate instead of glass. Aluminum plate curtain wall is mostly used as wall shelter and non-daylighting wall.
  国外的铝板幕墙不断选用单层铝板。单层铝板普通用纯铝板。铝板厚度为3mm,为了增强铝板板面强度,在铝板的反面,必需装置增强筋(现有的厂家不安),增强筋用厚的铝带做成,先用闪光焊机把一颗颗螺丝帽焊在铝板反面然后把作增强筋的铝条钻孔套进螺丝内,用螺丝固定。我国为了减轻铝板重量,增加铝板强度,大家采用铝合金板,常选用21号防锈铝代号LF21压成的铝板作幕墙铝板。铝板厚度由原来3mm减少为2.5mm,该合金强度比纯铝板高出一倍左右。增强筋用LF21铝带,铝带的宽度厚度依据铝板板面而定,普通厚2-2.5mm,宽10-25mm。铝板幕墙的铝板反面为什么要安增强筋,是在外界正负压力的状况下,铝板一不会凹陷,二不会鼓出,这样就防止了铝板幕墙重复里外振动而发出的振动声音。假如需求隔音保温,可在铝板内侧,安顿岩棉、矿渣棉或发泡处置。
  Aluminum sheet curtain wall in foreign countries has been continuously selected single-layer aluminum sheet. Single-layer aluminium sheets are usually pure aluminium sheets. The thickness of aluminium sheet is 3 mm. In order to enhance the strength of aluminium sheet, on the opposite side of aluminium sheet, it is necessary to install reinforcing ribs (the existing manufacturers are uneasy). The reinforcing ribs are made of thick aluminium strips. First, a screw cap is welded on the opposite side of aluminium sheet by flash welding machine, and then the drill hole of aluminium strip used as reinforcing ribs is inserted into the screw and fixed by In order to reduce the weight of aluminium sheet and increase the strength of aluminium sheet, aluminium sheet is used in our country. Aluminum sheet pressed by No. 21 anti-rust aluminium code LF21 is often used as curtain wall aluminium sheet. The thickness of aluminium sheet is reduced from 3 mm to 2.5 mm, and the strength of the alloy is about twice as high as that of pure aluminium sheet. The reinforcing ribs are made of LF21 aluminium strip. The width and thickness of the aluminium strip are determined by the surface of the aluminium plate. The common thickness is 2-2.5 mm and the width is 10-25 mm. The reason why reinforcement bars should be installed on the opposite side of aluminium plate curtain wall is that under positive and negative external pressure, the aluminium plate will not sink or bulge out, which prevents the vibration sound produced by repeated internal and external vibration of aluminium plate curtain wall. If sound insulation is required, rock wool, slag wool or foamed disposal can be placed inside the aluminium plate.
  幕墙铝板外表处置,可分为二种办法,一种是阳极氧化,另一种是静电喷涂。阳极氧化的氧化膜普通在12μ以上,颜色只要古铜色和白色两种,颜色单调,更为严重的缺陷是每块铝板板面的颜色深浅不一,许多块幕墙板组合在一同构成一个幕墙整体效果十分难看。这个缺陷能够说无法消弭,并非消费技术形成的,而是由于铝板并非是由一批号,化学成份,均有小的差异,再加上氧化时电解槽液电流密度等要素均无法完整一样,所以氧化后的颜色几均有差别,单张看可能不明显,若都排在一同即十分明显。所以铝板幕墙的铝板外表处置,决不能用阳极氧化。

                                            铝板生产厂家
  There are two ways to dispose the exterior of aluminium curtain wall panel, one is anodic oxidation, the other is electrostatic spraying. Anodized oxide film is usually more than 12 mu. As long as the color is bronze and white, the color is monotonous. The more serious defect is that the color of each aluminium panel is different. Many curtain panels are combined together to form a curtain wall, and the overall effect is very ugly. This defect can not be eliminated, it is not formed by consumption technology, but because the aluminum plate is not a batch number, chemical composition, there are small differences, coupled with the oxidation of electrolyte current density and other elements can not be completely the same, so the color after oxidation is almost different, a single sheet may not be obvious, if they are arranged together is very obvious. Therefore, the exterior disposal of the aluminium sheet of the aluminium curtain wall must not be anodized.
  幕墙铝板外表处置的另一种办法是静电喷涂。喷涂又分为粉沫喷涂和液体喷涂。粉沫喷涂资料主要为:聚氨酯、聚胀树脂、环氧树脂等原料配以高保色性颜料,可得到几十种不同颜色的喷涂粉沫。该喷涂粉沫,耐撞碰耐磨擦,在50公斤撞击下,铝板变形,喷涂层无裂纹,无掉层完好无损,抗稀酸及砂浆。独一的缺陷怕紫外线长期映照,几年后易产生阴阳面颜色的差别。国内不少厂家消费的喷涂粉沫,重量差别甚大,有的粉沫含金屑这种粉沫在挂到墙面以后,随阳光角度变化,白天和傍晚有变化,墙面颜色深浅有差别,选用粉沫喷涂料希惹起留意。
  Another way to dispose of the exterior of aluminium curtain wall is electrostatic spraying. Spraying is divided into powder spraying and liquid spraying. The main data of powder spraying are: polyurethane, swelling resin, epoxy resin and other raw materials with high color retention pigments, dozens of different color spraying powder can be obtained. The spraying powder is collision resistant and abrasion resistant. Under 50 kg impact, the aluminium plate is deformed, the spraying coating has no cracks, no falling layer is intact and intact, and it is anti-dilute acid and mortar. The unique defect is afraid of the long-term reflection of ultraviolet radiation, and it is easy to produce the difference between the color of Yin and Yang in a few years. Many domestic manufacturers consume spraying powder, the weight difference is very big, some powder containing gold dust after hanging on the wall, with the change of sunshine angle, day and evening have changed, wall color is different, choose powder spraying paint to arouse attention.
 

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